home‎ > ‎8th Grade‎ > ‎

I Cans with Study Questions

8th Grade Integrated Science - I Can Statements with Study Questions


Geology

Students will observe, describe, and identify minerals found in rocks.

G1 I can classify substances as mineral or non-mineral. (p608-609)

Learn About G1

  1. What is a mineral? List the 5 parts of the definition of a mineral.
  2. What does inorganic mean?

  1. In the rock granite, see image above, you can often see large crystals of various colors. Would these crystals be considered minerals? Why or why not?
  2. While hiking you find the skull of a deer, would this be classified as a mineral? Explain your reasoning.
  3. Would bricks used to make the walls of our school be classified as a mineral? Why or why not?
Using the table below, determine if each of the following is a mineral or not and use the provided data to explain your reasoning.

Substance

State at

Room Temp

Naturally Occurring or Man-made

Inorganic

or

Organic

Crystal Structure

Chemical Formula

Paper

Solid

man-made

organic

none

No specific formula

Anthracite

Solid

naturally occuring

organic

C

Agate

Solid

naturally occuring

inorganic

yes

Si02


.

G2 I can define and recognize mineral properties; i.e., hardness, luster, streak, crystal form, and cleavage and use a key to identify minerals. (p609-612)

Learn About G2

  1. What is luster? Name the 2 main categories of luster and give an example of a substance with each type.
  2. Describe how to test the hardness of a mineral?
  3. Explain the difference between mineral cleavage and fracture.
  4. What are you looking at when you test mineral streak?
  5. Why do minerals have crystal structure?
  6. What is the relationship between crystal structure and the atoms that make up a mineral?
  7. Which mineral properties are included in the following key? List all that apply.
  8. Use the key below to describe the at least 4 properties of amphibole.

G3 I can compare rocks and minerals and describe how they are related. (p617)

Learn About G3

  1. List 3 ways that rocks and minerals are similar.
  2. Is it possible that a substance can be a rock and not be made of minerals? Explain your reasoning.
  3. Is it possible that a substance can be a mineral and not be classified as a rock? Explain your reasoning.
  4. Create a Venn diagram that shows the relationship between rocks and minerals.

.

Students will diagram and explain the rock cycle.

G4 I can describe the formation of intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks and use the characteristics of igneous rocks to determine if a given rock is igneous. (p617-623)

Learn About G4

  1. List 3 traits that are typical of igneous rocks.
  2. Compare and contrast intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks.
  3. What steps must take place to form a new intrusive igneous rock?
  4. What steps must take place to form a new extrusive igneous rock?
  5. Where do intrusive igneous rocks typically form?
  6. Where do extrusive igneous rocks typically form?
  7. How common are igneous rocks on the surface of the earth? How common are they in the crust?



.

G5 I can describe the formation of sedimentary rocks and use the characteristics of sedimentary rocks to determine if a given rock is sedimentary. (p624-629)

Learn About G5

  1. List 3 traits that are typical of sedimentary rocks.
  2. What steps must take place to form a new sedimentary rock?
  3. What is cementation?
  4. What is sediment and how is it formed?
  5. What causes compaction?
  6. Where do sedimentary rocks typically form?
  7. How common are sedimentary rocks on the surface of the earth?



.

G6 I can describe the formation of metamorphic rocks and use the characteristics of metamorphic rocks to determine if a given rock is metamorphic. (p630-634)

Learn About G6

  1. What does metamorphosis mean?
  2. List 3 traits that are typical of metamorphic rocks.
  3. Where do metamorphic rocks typically form?
  4. What steps must take place to form a new metamorphic rock?
  5. Compare and contrast regional and contact metamorphism.



.

G7 I can trace multiple paths through the rock cycle and explain how the changes from one rock type to another occur. (p634-635)

Learn About G7



.

Students will describe how rock and fossil evidence is used to infer Earth’s history.

G8   I can explain the deposition of rock layers in horizontal layers over time. (p669-671)

Learn About G8

  1. Explain each of the following principles:
    1. Superposition
    2. Original horizontally
    3. Crosscutting
    4. Inclusions
    5. Faunal Succession
  2. Which principle would help you determine the relative ages of sedimentary rock layers and chunks of igneous rock embedded within the layer?
  3. Which principle would help you determine the relative ages of undisturbed rock layers?
  4. Which principle would help you determine the relative ages of rock layers that have been tilted into a vertical position?
  5. Which principle would help you determine the relative ages of rock layers and magma that has melted through the layers and solidified?

.

G9   I can describe how fossils are formed and explain how they are used to determine the age of the rocks. (p671-672)

Learn About G9

  1. What are the three essential characteristics of an index fossil?
  2. List and explain the steps of fossil formation.
  3. Use the fossil range chart below to answer the following questions

  1. A rock layer contains Lingulata and Rhynchonellida brachiopods. Explain weather or not this would give a accurate estimate of the relative age of the rock layer.
  2. Determine which of the fossil brachiopods would be the best index fossil and explain why.

.

G10 I can describe how energy from earthquakes can cause changes in the earth’s surface. (p362-369)

Learn About G10

  1. List the parts of an earthquake and describe where they are located.
  2. Create a chart that summarizes P-waves and S- waves.
  3. List at least two examples of how ripples of water are similar to the energy involved in an earthquake?


.

☐G11 I can describe how energy from volcanoes can cause changes in the earth’s surface. (p373-378)

Learn About G11

  1. Name each volcano based on the characteristics shown.


 
  1. List all identifying characteristics of each volcano type.
  2. Explain volcanoes transfer energy from deep within the earth to the surface.





.

☐G12 I can explain how the weathering and erosion can cause changes in the earth’s surface. (p670-671; 674)

Learn About G12

  1. List the 4 major erosional forces
  2. Explain how each force changes the the surface of the earth
  3. Identify landforms or features for each of the 4 erosional forces.

G13 I can theorize the relative age of rock formations when given a diagram or picture. (p676-677)

Learn About G13

  1. Determine the sequence of events in the following 3 diagrams.  List events from oldest (what happened first) to youngest (what happened most recently)





.

Chemistry

Students will explain physical and chemical properties of matter.  

C1  I can distinguish between elements, compounds, and mixtures. (p552-556)

Learn About C1


.

C2  I can list the symbols for 24 common elements and when given the symbol, name the corresponding element. (periodic table)

Learn About C2


.

C3  I can list the properties of a substance or object and classify them as physical properties or chemical properties. (p560-561;563)

Learn About C3



.

Students will distinguish between physical and chemical changes.

C4  I can explain what is happening at the molecular level when a substance changes from one state to another. (p260-265)

Learn About C4


.

C5  I can explain the differences between a chemical change and a physical change. (p562-566)

Learn About C5



.

Students will examine characteristics of chemical reactions.

C6  I can distinguish between the products and reactants in a chemical reaction. (p720; 723)

Learn About C6


1. What is the difference between a product and reactant in a chemical reaction?
2. List the reactants and products of each equation.
  • CH4 + O2 --> CO2 + H20
  • C3H8 + 5O2 --> 4H2O + 3CO2
3.

C7  I can explain the Law of Conservation of Mass and evaluate a chemical equation to determine if it follows this law. (p567; 721-722; 724-729)

Learn About C7


.

C8  I can explain what influences the rate at which a chemical reaction occurs. (p738-740)

Learn About C8



C9  I can identify the kinds of energy produced or taken in during a chemical reaction. (p734)

Learn About C9



.

Physics

Students will analyze various forms of energy and explain how energy is measured.

P1  I can list the types of energy and trace the conversion from one form of energy to another. (p135-136)

Learn About P1


.

P2 I can define and give examples of kinetic energy and potential energy. (p128-133)

Learn About P2


.

P3  I can diagram the cycle of potential energy and kinetic energy. (p136-139)

Learn About P3



.

Students will investigate the force exerted on objects by gravity.

P4 I can explain the difference between mass and weight. (p19; 106-107)

Learn About P4


.

P5 I can explain how mass and distance influence the pull of gravity. (p104)

Learn About P5



.

Students will investigate simple and complex machines.

P6 I can define work and explain how simple machines make work easier. (p162-165)

Learn About P6


.

P7 I can describe and recognize examples of the 6 types of simple machines. (p166-173)

Learn About P7


.

P8 I can label the parts of a lever and calculate its mechanical advantage. (p166-169)

Learn About P8


.

P9 I can describe how friction opposes motion. (p83-86)

Learn About P9



.

Students will investigate how energy is transferred through waves.

P10 I can identify and label the basic parts of a wave. (p294-295)

Learn About P10


.

P11 I can explain how energy is transferred through waves. (p290; 302-303; 364-366; 370-371)

Learn About P11



.

Ecology

Students will understand ecological relationships and explain how humans impact ecosystems.

E1  I can define and give examples of ecological relationships among organisms. (p20-24E)

Learn About E1


.

E2  I can create and interpret food chains, food webs, and energy pyramids for an ecosystem. (p21E; 51-53E)

Learn About E2


.

E3  I can trace the path of energy from the sun through photosynthesis and respiration to mechanical energy in an organism. (p38E; 50-51E)

Learn About E3


.

E4  I can hypothesize how humans or other environmental factors may impact an ecosystem.  (p36-42E;  p130-136E)

Learn About E4

Comments